The Laestadius Vicarage/Museum
The Laestadius Vicarage is actually two different buildings. One part of the vicarage
was moved to Pajala from the church grounds in Kengis in the 1850's.
The vicarage was the home of the first vicar in Pajala, the sobriety advocate, botanist
and scientist Lars Levi Laestadius. He lived there from 1849 until his death in 1861,
when he was only 61 years old.
He died in this old vicarage in his chamber lying on a bear rug on the floor. The vicarage
was used for many years after his death as a leaseholder residence and was also used as
military quarters during World War 2.
Source: Heart of Lapland
The worlds largest sundial
The world's biggest sundial today is in the Torne Valley, north of the Arctic Circle. The Guinness Book of Records has
put Pajala, northern Sweden, on the map, and its sundial - formed as a "round square". The sundial in Pajala, 38.33 m.
in diameter, holds the world record, according to the Guinness Book of Records. The previous record was held by
Disney World in Orlando, Florida, with 37.18 m.
The central square in Pajala, through its size and latitude, offered conditions for a sundial dedicated to the Midnight Sun.
Architect Mats Winsa took his inspiration from the square in Siena, and for the sculptures in the park - astronomical
instruments in India dating back to the 18th century. Naturally, it was a challenge to compete with the previous record
from 1991 by the world-famous Japanese architect, Arata Isozaki.
The sundial captures the sun's movement by allowing the shadow of the central gnomon to fall across the hour divisions
of the surrounding posts. The gnomon, like the Earth's axis, points toward the Pole Star, which according to Finnish-Ugrian
mythology (the region has Finnish roots) holds up the firmament. The "sun wheel" embedded in the ground here (forming a
cross in the circle) is in fact a calendar. Water bubbles up from four sources corresponding to the four principal points of
the compass. The water gathers in the central pond, which was designed with children in mind.
Source: Pajala Kommun